CorrectionsResearchPaperAndEvaluation

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Running head: CORRECTIONS RESEARCH PAPER AND EVALUATION 1 Corrections Research Paper and Evaluation CJA/484 Criminal Justice Administration Capstone Instructor Sean Adams
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CORRECTIONS RESEARCH PAPER AND EVALUATION 2 Corrections Research Paper and Evaluation The criminal justice system is a rather complex, multifaceted system which is served by various processes, one of which being the correctional system. The correctional system is made up of jails, prisons, parole, and juvenile and community corrections. Each of these portions are organized and operated in a specific manner in order to achieve the best effectiveness and efficiency. These portions tend to follow specific trends, and allow for correction and rehabilitation both during and after the process. Past, Present, and Future Trends One concept behind community-based corrections programs is to develop an alternative method instead of incarceration and to develop an effective method for reducing the number of inmates in prisons throughout the United States. In the 1950s, the United States and the neighboring country of Canada, both dealing with prison overcrowding, and an effective solution to end these problems come in the form of community corrections. During this time, “...local institutions, residential centers, group homes and specialized probations services were promoted as alternatives to incarceration” (Community Corrections, 1998, p. 5). With these alternatives, criminal justice officials realize these programs are less expensive to operate versus building new prisons because many of the community correction programs receive funds and support from the community, unlike prisons because most funding is from the governments from both countries and the taxpayers. As alternatives to incarceration, concepts are becoming more popular decades later, criminal justice officials are urging for the development of more programs. These programs would ease the financial burden of housing a federal prisoner; compared to overseeing a person in some type of community correction program, like parole, which can be considerably less, and this is another reason these programs can be effective (Community Corrections, 1998, p. 8).
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CORRECTIONS RESEARCH PAPER AND EVALUATION 3 Though community correction programs do save money, these programs can serve the needs better than incarceration does while giving courts and judges another option than sentencing to prison or jail. Many ex- inmates do not benefit from incarceration because they are not prepared to return to society. Restorative justice programs can make or hold offenders responsible for their actions, and this accountability benefits the offender, the community, and the victim because this gives the offender a chance to learn from his or her mistakes. Rehabilitation programs such as work release and community transition programs are effective for offenders reentering society.
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