BIOLOGY
African American Teen Pregnancy

African American Teen Pregnancy - Running head AFRICAN...

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Running head: AFRICAN AMERICAN TEEN PREGNANCY 1 African American Teen Pregnancy Name Institutional Affiliation
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AFRICAN AMERICAN TEEN PREGNANCY 2 African American Teen Pregnancy Introduction The United States has been experiencing a considerable rise in teenage pregnancy for a long period. Teenage pregnancy is common and persistent in individuals under eighteen years of age. Statistics indicate that a disproportionate number of teenage pregnancy is associated with the African American teens who have a pregnancy rate of 117 per 1000 females. They are followed by Hispanic teens who have a pregnancy rate of 107 per 1000 females. The third in the list are the native Americans with a pregnancy rate of 43 per 1000 females. The lowest pregnancy rate is observed among the Asians who have a pregnancy rate of 23 per 1000 females (Barr, Simons, Simons, Gibbons, & Gerrard, 2013). The high rates of teenage pregnancies are attributed to the increase in intercourse in teenagers who use contraception poorly. Teen pregnancy in the African-American community has tremendous negative impacts on the society such as increased maternal mortality rate in females under 15 years of age. Various reports also indicate 10-29 percent of toxemia of pregnancy. In most cases, prematurity is observed in infants of teenage mothers, leading to increased perinatal mortality. Notably, teenagers are perceived to be poor parents who get easily involved in child abuse as compared to older parents. Due to several factors affecting the condition of infants born to teenage mothers, the IQs of these infants tend to be lower as compared to the infants of mature mothers (Brubaker, 2007). This paper will focus on African American teen pregnancy and examine its effects on the society. Subsequent Pregnancy Among African American Teens Childbearing among teens has potentially negative consequences on health, social and economic aspects of life (Gilliam, Gay, & Hernandez, 2006). Both the mother and the child experience these consequences. Subsequent childbearing leads to further constraints in the
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AFRICAN AMERICAN TEEN PREGNANCY 3 education, as well as employment possibilities of the mother. Teens with a subsequent birth experience rates of low birth weight and preterm that are higher than the first births. Research indicates that the majority of teenage mothers who are sexually active use contraceptives in the year that follows their first delivery (Barr, Simons, Simons, Gibbons, & Gerrard, 2013). Moreover, a large number of those using contraceptives prefer the pill. Research by the National Survey of Family Growth portrays that a large proportion of teenagers who do not use methods of birth control constitutes of African American teens (Gilliam, Gay, & Hernandez, 2006). When the data from the research was analyzed, it was identified that African Americans constituted a large proportion of unmarried women at the time of first birth. From this information, it is apparent that these women became pregnant at their tender age.
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  • Fall '15
  • Teenage pregnancy, African American teen, american teen pregnancy

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