1TOERGJ1 - The Ergonomics Open Journal 2009 2 1-12 1 Open...

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The Ergonomics Open Journal, 2009, 2, 1-12 1 1875-9343/09 2009 Bentham Open Open Access User Experience of Office Chairs and Anthropometrics of Female Chinese and Hong Kong Chinese Office and Factory Workers Miriam E.F.R. Reitenbach 1 , Anne J. Jochems 1 , Johan F.M. Molenbroek *,1 , Roger Ball 2 and Daan J. van Eijk 1 1 Department of Applied Ergonomics and Design, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technol- ogy, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands 2 School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Abstract: In Hong Kong it was noticed that female office and factory workers use chairs that are oversized and can’t sup- port their sitting posture in a comfortable way. In order to set up general recommendations to design a more appropriate office chair, a research of the user experience of office chairs was conducted by means of interviews, questionnaires and focus groups. Additionally, an anthropometric study was carried out on the seated body dimensions of 145 female Hong Kong office workers and 80 female Chinese factory workers. Especially for the Hong Kong population a positive secular growth of body height in comparison to former studies of the same population was found. Referring to body proportions it was noticed that the upper body (the sitting height and shoulder height) of the measured women was on average relatively longer, whereas the legs were significantly shorter than those of Western female. Keywords: Anthropometrics, office chair, Hong Kong, China. 1. INTRODUCTION The Ergonomic Lab of the School of Design at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University initiated this study, as it was noticed that in Asia, and in this specific case China, many female office workers have problems with their office chairs. Generally office chairs are designed for Western male and are therefore oversized for female Chinese office work- ers (Fig. 12 ). Chinese males will probably also have prob- lems with the size of the chairs, but this study only focuses on the female office workers, as their problems are better noticeable. An interesting aspect, that will be elaborated later on, was the use of accessories like cushions on their chairs. Two different studies, one on user experience and one on anthropometric measures were carried out to get a broad understanding of the context. The target group were female Hong Kong office workers and female Chinese factory workers. Several anthropometrical surveys were conducted be- tween 1961 and 2003 throughout China and Hong Kong, but most may no longer be valid due to the demographic shift and possible alterations in the body dimensions of the popu- lation. No former studies could be found on user experience of office chairs in China. *Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Applied Ergo- nomics and Design, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft Univer- sity of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands; Tel: +31 15 2783086; Fax: +31 15 2787179; E-mail: [email protected] Therefore one of the fields of interest is whether secular
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  • Summer '16
  • claire canete
  • RNA, The Land, Anthropometry, Hong Kong Office, Hong Kong Office Workers

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