CIS
project management

project management - CHAPTER 1 SYSTEM ANALYSIS DESIGN AND...

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CHAPTER 1 SYSTEM ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT Chapter Objectives At the end of this chapter, you would have learnt: the importance of project management; the causes of project failure; how project management can reduce the failure rate; the importance of a project manager. 1.0 SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OVERVIEW 1.0.1 Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) The term SDLC describes the stage a system moves through from conception until its discarded or replaced. In the context information system projects, a distinction can be made between the project life cycle and the SDLC. As a project has definite end, its unlikely that on going maintenance will be included in the scope of a project but falls within our definition of the SDLC. There are seven stages in the SDLC namely:- The software development life cycle (SDLC) is the set of steps or activities in the development of a software product. 1. Identification of a problem or opportunity 2. Feasibility study 3. System’s Investigation 4. System's Analysis 5. System's Design 6. System's Implementation 7. System's review and maintenance Problems Identification
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Feasibility Study Systems Investigation Review and Maintenance Systems implementation Systems Design Systems Analysis
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ICT PROJECT MANAGEMENT Overview of phases 1. Preliminary study/ survey or problem identification/initiation This stage involves determination of whether there is need to change the existing system or business procedures. It may require management requests for a change of the existing system to give an organization a competitive advantage or to improve the staff morale. The user department should be involved during the definition of the problem. The problem to be solved should be very specific, clear and precise. It should not be too broad to cause ambiguities in its solution. Objectives of the preliminary study are: To understand organizational characteristics and its objectives To understand organizational structure To identify organizational mission and collect relevant data or document regarding organizational information. To development a brief and accurate problems statement usually known as system term of reference (TOR) Term of reference It is a documentation prepared by steering committee to act as a reference document throughout system development stages. Its contents include: Project title Purpose of study Personel Departments Sections affected or involved during the system implementation Available resources and constraints, the analyst, the project leader should consider The projects estimated duration and schedule The importance of terms of reference is: (i) Provides information about the proposed system (ii) It may act as a reference document throughout the system development process (iii) It acts as an authorization document to the project system project, thus setting out systems limitation and capability (iv) It gives the scope and extent of the proposed system project, thus setting out systems limitation and capability.
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