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SO_Lecture5_2014_updated_moodle - LECTURE 5 THE INDIVIDUAL...

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LECTURE 5. THE INDIVIDUAL: INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND BEHAVIOUR Dr. Joon Hyung Park, Module Convenor Nottingham University Business School-China
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By the end of this class, you should be able to Describe the main features of the nomothetic, ideographic approaches to personality Analyse the effectiveness of different selection methods in assessing the personality of candidates for a job
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Organisation Group Individual Team dynamics, communicating in teams, decision making, power, leadership Organisational structure, organisational culture, change Individual behaviour, values, personality Perception, emotion, motivation, stress
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Your personality types? INTJ: technological companies, particularly in research and development, and also found among corporate lawyers, high- and mid-rank managers in technology companies and financial institutions. Investigative, Conventional, Social Pharmacists, Registered Nurses
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Applications within the work organization Diversity management Selection, training and development of individuals Fit with a company’s culture
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Assumptions? Nature vs Nurture of Personality? Is personality a constant throughout our lifetime? Is it possible to ‘measure’ an individual’s personality? To what extent can we measure and compare individuals on the basis of their personality? Is personality stable? consistent from one time to another? Or dynamic responding to environment and people around them? Our personality is inherited and determined by genetics? Or Shaped by environmental and social factors?
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Nomothetic and idiographic approaches Broadly speaking, personality studies can be divided into two main approaches, labelled as nomothetic and idiographic.
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Nomothetic theorists Idiographic approaches Inherited characteristics are significant. Personality traits are usually identified by what people do, the behaviour they exhibit Environment is significant. Idiographic approaches do not believe it is possible to put personal characteristics to the test. Our very uniqueness makes comparisons difficult, if not impossible. Useful in predicting and controlling behaviour More complete and global understanding of an individual Superficial understanding of any one person Classification manuals are not accurate and does not help people. Difficult to generalise findings Idiographic research tends to be more unreliable and unscientific (subjective, long term and unstandardized procedures)
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The idiographic approach Idiographic approaches are concerned with understanding the uniqueness of individuals and the development of the self-concept. They regard personality development as a process that is open to change.
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