ErnoC_M5_A1 - Running head DRIVING AND CELL PHONE USE...

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Running head: DRIVING AND CELL PHONE USE 1 Cheryl Erno Cognitive Psychology Argosy University
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DRIVING AND CELL PHONE USE 2 Driving and Cell Phone Use Introduction Cell phones while driving is a distraction for the person who is supposed to be paying attention to the road. Driver distraction is the biggest cause of accidents because the driver is not paying attention to the things around him/her or the road in front of him/her. According to the latest statistics from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the percentage of accidents have risen from 11 percent in 2004 to over 16 percent in 2008. There are many reasons for crashes, but cell phone use has become the biggest focus of research on distracted driving. In 2010, according to the National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that 28 percent of all incidents and fatalities on U. S. highways have been because of the use of cell phones while driving. To use a cell phone while driving the person will need to take their eyes off the road and hands off the wheel to operate the phone. The person gets so involved with the conversation, he/she forgets about anything else around them, and that creates a dangerous situation. In 2001 New York was the first state in the United States to put into legislation that the only way to use a cell phone while driving is a hands-free device. At this period of time, the United States have considered legislation that would limit drivers’ from using his/her cell phone while driving. There is little known about the drivers and the effects this will have on any legislation. Safety effects are the biggest concern when it comes to making legislation when trying to ban the use of cell phones altogether. There are still arguments today about the hazards of any device built into a car or hands-free devices and cell phones. They all cause the driver to be distracted one way or another. Today’s technology is changing daily, and it can be difficult to keep up with the consequences of
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DRIVING AND CELL PHONE USE 3 the new designs. There need to be new and better traffic policies when it comes to these new devices and hands-free cell phone use while driving. Policy There are more than 255 million wireless subscribers in the United States, comprising of 84percent of the population (CTIA, 2008). In 2007, 2.1 trillion minutes were spent talking on cell phones, 363 billion SMS were sent over the span of a year. Most of the users like the new technology because they are constantly on the move and can use this technology while driving and the research in this study shows that about 85 percent of the drivers talk, text, surf, and e- mail while he/she is driving. Also, CTIA found that 60 percent of usage is done during driving time. The impairment of driving while on a cell phone comes close to someone who has a blood alcohol level of 0.08.
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  • Winter '16
  • cell phone

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