PHIL 1301 - Lesson 5 Reflection

PHIL 1301 - Lesson 5 Reflection - Kieshana Joan Miles Dr...

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Kieshana Joan Miles Dr. Marcos Arandia Philosophy 1301 25 July 2015 Lesson 5 Reflection: Post Reading Reflection Questions CHAPTER 9 1. What was Descartes’s proposal, and how did his Scholastic education influence it? Descartes’s proposal was: “Let’s start fresh, throwing out everything we think we know, and build a system of knowledge based entirely on ideas whose truth can be clearly and distinctly known—to us, firsthand” (Ch. 9, Pg. 254). His Scholastic education had a large influence because much of his philosophical study was initially founded on his practice as a Catholic and essentially Christian thinker. Descartes soon rejected all that was learned during his beginning years and began to pursue more of a mathematical and scientific truth which forced him to reflect on human knowledge through science rather than true belief. By renouncing his faith in philosophical views he was able to find a newfound knowledge on simplifying thoughts and dividing questions to gain clarity on his own opinion. 2. Give a brief summary of the role methodic doubt plays in Descartes’s overall effort to discover certain knowledge. The methodic doubt that Descartes displayed mainly objected the foundationalism that proved what knowledge was. For instance, Descartes pointed out that our sensory proficiencies could be mistaken, like we only know when our senses have failed us by relying on other experiences with our senses that tell our common knowledge otherwise. He also ensured those that thought their beliefs to be absolutely certain he then placed uncertainty by questioning how individuals knew their thoughts could be false, and by the method of questioning and breaking down of questions his method truly had individuals doubting their reasoning in what was true knowledge. 3. How is skepticism important to Cartesian philosophy? The purpose of skepticism was through process of Cartesian inquiry, and to not focus the answer to thoughts on the end result. Descartes hoped to use skepticism to establish complete certainty (Ch. 9, Pg.
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