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Trident UniversityWhat were the Tanzimat Reforms and were they effective in allowing the Middle East to catchup to the West?HIS101- Modern World HistoryDr. Robert Kirkland5 April 2014
For this Modern World History Module 4 case study assignment I will be discussingWhatthe Tanzimat Reforms were and were they effective in allowing the Middle East to catch up to the West?Tanzimat was a series of reforms proclaimed in the Ottoman Empire between 1839 and 1876 under the reigns of the sultans Abdulmecid I and Abdul-Aziz. These reforms, heavily influenced by European ideas, were intended to bring about a fundamental change of the empire from the old system based on theocratic principles to that of a modern state. The philosophy behind the Ottoman Tanzimat in the 19thcentury was based on the notion of modernization, understood by Ottoman local and most powerful officials throughout the Empire as the acceptance of European political modernity within Ottoman organizations and administrations. 1The military establishment was the Tanzimat's first priority. At the time, traditional Ottoman armies-the Janissaries and the Sipahihad fallen from their glory and their weakness contrasted highly with European armies, which, since the 18thcentury, began displaying a high level of organization, training, and skill.The second priority was the empire's administrative apparatus, which was the main focus of Ottoman reformers from 1839 onwards, which is also the year the first Tanzimat decree, Hatt-i-Sharif of the Gulhane, was issued. The edict's main objective was the abolishment of the traditional land-tenure regime. A number of measures, decrees, and organizational and legal