Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide

Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide - sociology: the scientific...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
sociology : the scientific study of society and human behavior (p. 6) -functions : refers to the beneficial consequences of people’s actions. -manifest functions— actions that are intended to help some part of the system -latent functions— unintended consequences that help social systems adjust. -latent dysfunctions— unintended consequences that undermine a system’s equilibrium. theory : a general statement about how some parts of the world fit together and how they work; an explanation of how two or more facts are related to one another (p. 14) structural functionalism : stresses that society is made up of various parts that, when working properly, contribute to the stability of society— macro level **In trying to explain divorce, a functionalist would look at how industrialization and urbanization both contributed to the changing function of marriage and the family** conflict theory : stresses inequalities and sees the basis of social life as a competitive struggle to gain control over scarce resources— macro level (p. 18) **Divorce is seen as the outcome of the shifting balance of power within the family. As women have gained power and tried to address inequalities in the relationship, men have resisted** symbolic interactionism : society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another; concentrates on the meanings that underlie people’s lives—usually focuses on the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SOCIO 1500 taught by Professor Gartland during the Spring '08 term at Youngstown State University.

Page1 / 4

Sociology Exam 1 Study Guide - sociology: the scientific...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online