Test1Notes - Lecture 1 5 different theories 1. Idealism...

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Lecture 1 5 different theories 1. Idealism – moral motivation in US foreign policy 2. Realism – foreign policy has nothing to do with morals, power is the only thing that matters (power of gov, countries, states, primarily military power) 3. Economic approach – a desire for riches is the main motivation, economic growth, greed 4. Bureaucratic approach – FP has no real motivation. Its just the result of the nutty ways that bureaucracies operate 5. Military Industrial Complex - The main motivation in FP is to create justification for the existence and expansion of the US military. Idealism Moral purpose to US FP People who advocate for it: -The US should act in a moral way -To a significant degree, it DOES act in a moral way (to further moral principles) What are these moral principles? -Should the US be allowed to torture certain individuals? -Should the US be allowed to torture journalists it doesn’t like? - Certain principles that are basic human moral/rights (right not to be violated etc) -In favor of US FP – democracy promotion (right to elect politicians through free and fair elections). -International law (not emphasized as much anymore, varies from time to time) -Promotion of capitalism (related to freedom of democracy? This is sometimes seen as a human right) -The white mans burden Arguments -If you believe in idealism, you believe that the gov takes certain actions to evolve the liberation of humanity -Wanting to help others vs. helping yourself and in turn, helping others (spreading democracy) Criticism - FP based idealism is naïve, if you act morally, you won’t survive - Propaganda (just because the President says we are going to war to help others, doesn’t necessarily mean that’s why he is doing it) Engage in self interest but hide it through moral reasoning - Pres Wilson used very moralistic rhetoric. Defenders say he was very moral, critics said he was acting in self interest (hypocrisy) - Talk is cheap, its too easy to make a speech about moral principles without
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meaning any of it. Realism -Realism began as a critique of idealism. It was good in principle, but how well did it work? Most answers – it didn’t work at all -Has nothing to do with international relations - What matters is power, and power alone - Lie to your own people if it creates power -Motivated by National Interest (every country varies in interest) (Idealism believes that all countries have the same interests) -It cannot be universal -It’s not politically correct, G-Rated, etc What is the national interest? 1. Make sure your country is not attacked and overruled by another country (Self-Defense) 2. If you have the opportunity to attack another country and the risk of losing the war is low, and risk of prevailing is high – then do it (Offensive) a. Its fun b. Will insure that other countries will not attack you c. If you do not intimidate them, they will intimidate you International Law & US actions - Realists also affirm that international law means nothing because great powers
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course HIST 450 taught by Professor Gibbs during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Test1Notes - Lecture 1 5 different theories 1. Idealism...

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