MedEcDevelop - Medieval Europe Background Agrarian Basis...

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Medieval Europe - Background Agrarian Basis Agricultural sector most important Unusual in that agrarian and rural institutions set tone unlike cities of Greek and Roman eras Political and Social Conditions 476-700 AD “Barbarian” invasions Petty-kingdoms (Franks, Lombards, Visigoths) Self-sufficient estates dominated by old nobility Mixing of Germanic and Roman cultures New invasions of 8th-9th centuries Muslims, Vikings, Magyars Feudalism “Feudalism” (perfect system doesn’t exist) Military and political relationships defined by personal loyalty and service Little to no monetary economy so no real taxation system Need military and bureaucracy so pay with land instead of fiscal revenue Land one thing there is plenty of - when conquered give it out in fiefs or grants Also issue of the church here Manorialism Also no such thing as a perfect model system Origins in late Roman Empire (remember Diocletian and the economy) Usually owned by Roman Nobility - develop into self - sufficient farms with cultivators bound to stay on the estate Becomes economic basis of Feudal system N. France, S. Low Countries, W. Germany, and Po river valley in Italy by 7th c.
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Later spreads to other parts of Europe Rural Society
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2009 for the course ECON 4514 taught by Professor Shuie during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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MedEcDevelop - Medieval Europe Background Agrarian Basis...

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