Economic History of Europe

Economic History of Europe - Agricultural Revolution A look...

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Agricultural Revolution A look at Allen’s Work Agriculture as a prerequisite England one of the first in Europe to increase Agricultural Productivity (after Dutch) End of 17th c. 60% of workers in agricultural production Number of workers will grow but as a proportion of the total population will shrink 36% in the early 19th century 22% in mid-19th century 10% at the start of the 20th century Ways this is accomplished Trial and error Importation of Dutch expertise New Crops New Methods of farming Crop Rotation Convertible Husbandry ENCLOSURE AND CONSOLIDATION Old Open Field System As we discussed for Middle Ages - still in use Need joint agreements for land use Common animal herds Why is this becoming less effective? Slow decline of this system since the 14th c. By Early 18th c. only 1/2 English Agriculture is open field system Enclosure Opponents to the idea defend the “common rights” of land use that went with the old system Foraging wood, mushrooms, berries, etc. from woodland Turning pigs, geese, etc. loose Common pasture for animals Enclosure by Acts of Parliament 1760 to the end of the Napoleonic Wars in
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