Empire0 - Economics of Imperialism The Example of India and...

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Economics of Imperialism The Example of India and China for the British Definition of Imperialism The process of extending one state’s control over another Formal Imperialism Direct control or Colonialism Establishing new Governments Informal Imperialism Agreements with indigenous leaders and governing through them Weaker states may retain independence but loose sovereignty Special European “Zones of Privilege” Gains and Losses 1875 Europeans controlled 11% of Africa - by 1902 they controlled 90% Small group of European States and US colonized 1/4 of the world’s lands between 1870 and 1900 British, Spanish and Portuguese had lost territory in the New World - looked for replacements Also Independence for Australia (1901) and New Zealand (1912) Nineteenth Century Imperialism Against backdrop of industrialization, nationalism, and liberal revolutions Fueled by ideas surrounding economic need, bringing “progress” to the world, and national interests Distance from earlier ideas of colonization More “Settlement and discipline” Less missionary activity and trading companies Created new ideas about interaction between “racial” and social groups Economic Arguments J. A. Hobson wrote in 1902 about the “Scramble for Africa” Imperialism driven by financiers (small group) International capitalists
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Manufacturing, military and arms interests followed
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2009 for the course ECON 4514 taught by Professor Shuie during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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Empire0 - Economics of Imperialism The Example of India and...

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