Final Review - Final Review Dred Scott case(1857 Black men...

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Final Review Dred Scott case (1857) - Black men have no rights that a white man is bound to respect Original Constitution (1787) - did not mention slave or slavery anywhere do the meaning could be interpreted differently 7 articles Purpose was to set up government Preamble addressed posterity for the future Changes are the amendments Dealt with the institution of slavery in 5 places (1) Article 5 No amendment/change prior to 1808 Africans could no longer be imported as slaves Protection from 1787-1807 (2) Article 1 section 9 clause No amendment/change Deals with migration (state to state) & importation (bringing into the country) Tax is $10 (3) Article 1 section 9 clause 4 Can’t be changed 1808/protection Tax (4) Article 1 section 2 Shows how to come up with census Add whole # of free persons & indentured servants - Indians (not taxed) + of all other persons (5) Article 4 section 2 Fugitive slave laws Runaway slave will be returned Balance of Power Statutes (1787) NW Ordinance - prohibited slavery in the NW territory (1820) Missouri Compromise - can come in as a slave state, but no slavery at N 36° 30’ (1854) Kansas & Nebraska Act - repealed MIssouri Compromise, it was left up to new territory whether they wanted to be a slave/free state (1860-1861) - 11 states seceded from the union (Union of Confederate States) President - Jefferson Davis Had own constitution and flag (April 12, 1861) Civil War - Abraham Lincoln stated he didn’t go to war for slavery, but to unite the country again (August 8, 1861) Confiscation Act - Property used in rebellion against the US (union) would lawfully belong to US If property were slaves, they would be free Slaves were being used to make uniforms, weapons, etc (1862) Militia Act - Blacks can enlist and fight War Department Bureau of Colored Troops Black soldiers paid $7 a month, while whites were paid $13
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(Jan 1, 1863) Emancipation Proclamation - legally freed no one Wanted to free slaves in the confederacy (no jurisdiction) Excluded slaves in the union (April 9, 1865) Civil War Ended Legislative freed the slaves in the 13th amendment Era of Reconstruction Period of time where the country was trying to rebuild Civil War Amendments 13th Civil Rights Act of 1866 - everyone born in the US is a citizen except Native Americans (not taxed) Full and equal benefits as enjoyed by whites Right to sue Give evidence Inherit Purchase Lease Sell real and personal property Such citizens of every race and color have the same rights Overruled Dred Scott
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  • Fall '12
  • VanessaLawrence
  • Civil Rights, Slavery in the United States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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