63446_The Islamic empire - THE ISLAMIC EMPIRE Students Name...

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THE ISLAMIC EMPIRE Student’s Name Class Instructor’s Name Date
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1 The Rise The roots of the Islamic faith can be traced back in the Arabian Peninsula that was occupied by Arabs. The religion began in 600 in the mountainous region of the western Arabia at a place called Hejaz. Within 100 years since the establishment of the faith, the Arabic empire had beliefs, deeply rooted in it. The Empire controlled an area that was larger than the famous Roman Empire. Among the factors that strengthened its establishment is the able leader, Muhammad, who was the prophet of Allah (God). Muhammad called the followers of this religion, Muslims, which meant the followers of Islam. The religion shook the foundations of Persia and Byzantium, which were the most powerful established civilizations of the time 1 . Islam spread to bring into its folds many races from different continents, shaping their way of life. Strengthening Factors Three key factors acted as reinforcers in ensuring that the religion remained strong and stood the test of time. These are the Quran, Mecca and the strong, charismatic leader, Muhammad 2 . In the middle of the 500s, three cities had mushroomed in Hejaz. These were Mecca, Taif, and Yathrib, with Mecca being the largest and the richest among the three. The significance of the town was further strengthened by religion and trade. It was a stopping point for traders where they had water and food as they travelled to Constantinople. Arab Pilgrims considered the place to be a religious shrine where they came to worship. The holiest shrine called Ka’bah stood at the center of this town. This shrine was believed to have been built by Adam and later rebuilt by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Mecca, therefore, was a significant 1 Toney Allman, The Rise Of Islam , n.d. 2 Margaret Meserve, Empires Of Islam In Renaissance Historical Thought (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2008).
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2 symbol that united Muslims and strengthened the faith to become a strong unshaken religion in the region. Muhammad was a successful man in the caravan business, born to a widow from a respected clan in Mecca. He spent time in the city’s hillside cave, from where he fasted and engaged in deep thought. He concluded that the people of Mecca were leading an evil life through the beliefs of false gods. He came to a conclusion that Allah was the only one God to be
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  • Spring '16
  • PROF. AFFULO
  • Islam, Qur'an, William St. Clair, Renaissance Historical Thought

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