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chap 1 notes - Psych 340 Psych of Language Chapter 1...

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Psych 340: Psych of Language Chapter 1 summary MAIN POINTS: - psycholinguistics: the study of how individuals comprehend, produce and acquire language - the study of psycholinguistics is part of the field of cognitive science o cognitive science: psychology, linguistics, artificial intelligence, neuroscience and philosophy - psycholinguistics stresses the knowledge of language and the cognitive processes involved in ordinary language use - psycholinguists are also interested in the social rules involved in language use and the brain mechanisms associated with language - contemporary interest in psycholinguistics began in the 1950s (although important precursors existed earlier in the 20 th century) INTRODUCTION Language plays a central role in our everyday lives. It is our most important tool in communicating our thoughts and feelings to each other. - infants’ facial expressions give parents an idea of their experienced emotions Other functions of language: - specialized language (or jargon) binds children to their peers while excluding others o means of identifying whether a person is within a social group (ex.: gender, social class) Language shifts from merely a means to an end an end in itself. A tool that is vital for communicating our basic needs and wants has become a source of leisurely pleasure (ex.: reading a book, playing word games). Although language is intrinsically a social phenomenon, psychology is principally the study of individuals. The psychology of language deals with the mental processes that are involved in language use. Three sets of processes that are of primary interest: - language comprehension (how we perceive and understand speech + written language) - language production (how we construct an utterance, from idea to completed sentence) - language acquisition (how children acquire language)
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Psycholinguistics : the psychological study of language. THE SCOPE OF PSCYHOLINGUISTICS Psycholinguistics is part of the emerging field of study called cognitive science. Cognitive science: psychology, linguistics, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy all coming together to study the mind and mental processes. Psycholinguistics: principally an integration of the fields of psychology and linguistics. Linguistics : the branch of science that studies the origin, structure and use of language. Language Processes and Linguistic Knowledge Psycholinguistics has two main questions: 1. What knowledge of language is needed for us to use language? a. tacit knowledge : the knowledge of how to perform various acts i. much of our linguistic knowledge is tacit (rather than explicit) b. explicit knowledge : the knowledge of the processes or mechanisms used in these acts i. we sometimes know how to do something without knowing how we do it Four broad areas of language knowledge: c. Semantics : the meanings of sentences and words. d.
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chap 1 notes - Psych 340 Psych of Language Chapter 1...

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