Psychology 120 Carol Donnelly STUDY GUIDE TEST #2 Chapter 8—Learning 1. Define Learning 2. Within Classical Conditioning define: a. Unconditioned stimulus (US)food b. Unconditioned response (UR) c. Conditioned stimulus (CS) d. Conditioned response (CR) 3. Define: a. Extinction* b. Spontaneous recovery* c. Inhibition d. Generalization* e. Discrimination* f. Higher order conditioning 4. What is operant conditioning?* procedure for studying how organisms learn about the consequences of their actions 5. What is the Law of Effect? 6. What is Shaping?* skinner: how do you get someone to do something? 7. Describe positive* and negative*** reinforcement 8. What is Aversive Control? 9. What is Observational Learning?* aka social learning 10. What is Modeling? Chapter 16—Psychological Disorders 1. Define Abnormal Behavior. It is: a. Atypical b. Undesirable c. Maladaptive d. Unjustifiable 2. What is the difference between AXIS I and AXIS II disorders? a. AXIS I i. Anxiety Disorders 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder 3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: follows extremely traumatic event 4. Phobias ii. Eating Disorders 1. Anorexia Nervosa… similarities and differences 2. Bulimia Nervosa
3. Eating Disorder NOS iii. Psychosexual Disorders iv. Factitious Disorders 1. Munchausen’s Syndrome by Proxy v. Somatoform Disorders 1. Somatization Disorder 2. Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder 3. Conversion Disorder 4. Pain Disorder 5. Hypochondriasis 6. Body Dismorphic Disorder: When people are good looking, they see nothing but ugly in the mirror 7. Somatoform Disorder NOS vi. Dissociative Disorders (multiple personality disorder) 1. Amnesia: lose part of themselves 2. Fugue 3. Dissociative Identity Disorder vii. Mood Disorders 1. Major Depressive Disorder: common cold of disorders 2. Dysthymia 3. Bipolar Disorder (I and II)
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