history 4b notes

history 4b notes - History 4B Notes 2009-02-09 Lecture 4,...

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History 4B Notes 01:13 Lecture 4, 1-12-09 Christians thought of themselves back then as Christians living in Christindome,  not  Europeans living in Europe. “Catholic”- means universe Roman-Catholic Church- making a claim to be the religion of the universe. Church is the collectivity of all Christian souls. The Roman Catholic Church: 2 ways of thinking about the church: the way back then, and today’s way o 1)  The city of God on Earth. The body of Christ. The body of all true  believers. Church composed of the living and the dead. Saints-  especially holy people during their lifetimes, died, went to  heaven, and now sit on the right hand of Christ.  Purgatory an intermediate space between heaven and hell.  If you lived a life that wasn’t sinful but nothing special, then you’d  go to Purgatory. You go here to expiate your sins. Once they’re  worked off, you continue on to Heaven. Not a very pleasant  place. o 2)  RC Church can be though of as an institution. Clergy- Members of a hierarchical organization Distinct from everyone else. They have sworn holy orders. Work for  the salvation of the Christian community.  Clergy were a fundamental tension in the RC Church, b/c they were  very frequently attached to everyday affairs even though they were  supposed to live a life separate from everyone else. Secular Clergy o Priests, Bishops, and other clerks who live among the laity.  They minister to the spiritual needs of the laity. They live in  the world and among the laity.
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Regular Clergy o Monks and the nuns. Retired from the world and have  chosen to live in a small community (a nunnery or a  monestary). They spent time praying and singing to God.  Prayers helped not only themselves, but all Christians.  o They lived according to very strict, written-out rules. Nunneries provided a place for babies who weren’t going to follow their  parents… Laity People who have not sworn special vowels. (everyone else) Power and authority vs. poverty and the apostolic tradition Popes: had power OVER the Church o Argued that the Catholic clergy were separate from the laity and that the  Catholic clergy had power to mediate between people and God. The Investiture Conflict Many thought Catholic Church was in dire need of reform. How can the Clergy be separate from the laity nad look over the spiritual  concerns of the laity if they’re just as involved in politics as everyone else? A  major problem behind the Gregorian Reforms.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2009 for the course HIST HISTORY 4B taught by Professor Bernstein during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.

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history 4b notes - History 4B Notes 2009-02-09 Lecture 4,...

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