Ch_6_Handout

Ch_6_Handout - Introduction to Psychology Learning Ch...

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Introduction Introduction to Psychology to Psychology Learning Learning Ch. 6 Ch. 6 (LECTURE 2 ONLY) 1. Fixed Ratio (FR): Fixed Ratio (FR): reinforcement occurs after a predetermined set of responses; the ratio (number or amount) is fixed 2. Variable Ratio (VR): Variable Ratio (VR): reinforcement occurs unpredictably; the ratio (number or amount) varies Operant Conditioning’s Basic Principles: Four Partial Schedules (Continued) 3. Fixed Interval (FI): Fixed Interval (FI): reinforcement occurs after a predetermined time has elapsed; the interval (time) is fixed 4. Variable Interval (VI): Variable Interval (VI): reinforcement occurs unpredictably; the interval (time) varies Operant Conditioning’s Basic Principles (Continued) Shaping Shaping : reinforcement by a series of successively improved steps leading to desired response : reinforcement by a series of successively improved steps leading to desired response Operant Conditioning’s Basic Principles (Continued) punishing:
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Ch_6_Handout - Introduction to Psychology Learning Ch...

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