Lifespan and Development IIChapter 10Lecture OverviewI. Social, Moral, and Personality DevelopmentII. How Sex, Gender, and Culture Affect DevelopmentIII. Developmental Challenges Throughout AdulthoodSocial, Moral, and Personality Development- Social Development- Attachment:strong affectional bond with special others that endures over time- Found in both people and animals- Lorenz’s imprinting studiessuggest biological argument for attachmentGeese form an attachment to the first thing they seeSuggests that imprinting is automatic and hardwired- Harlow’s work with monkeys– feeding or contact comfort?Heated cloth mom = contact comfort vs. wire mom = foodWire mother to feed, then immediately back to the cloth motherThree Levels of Attachment:- Ainsworth’s strange situation– procedure identified by three types of attachment in children1. Securely Attached– child stays close to mother, shows moderate distress when separated, and is happy when mother returns2. Avoidant
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