Chapter_8

Chapter_8 - Chapter 8 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence...

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Chapter 8 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence Lecture Overview Thinking Language Intelligence The Intelligence Controversy Chapter Introduction Thinking, language, and intelligence are often studied under the larger topic of cognition (mental activities involved in acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using knowledge). Cognitive building blocks: Cognitive building blocks: Thinking processes are distributed throughout the brain, especially the frontal lobe (cerebral cortex). The The prefrontal cortex prefrontal cortex doesn’t develop in alcohol/drug users. doesn’t develop in alcohol/drug users. Mental Image : mental representation of a previously stored sensory experience, including visual, auditory, etc. Concepts : mental representation of a group or category that shares similar characteristics How do we learn concepts? a. Artificial concepts --formed by logical, specific rules b. Natural concepts/prototypes --formed by everyday life experiences c. Hierarchies --group concepts into subcategories within broader categories Problem Solving Step 1: Preparation —identifying, separating, and defining Step 2: Production —generating possible solutions (hypotheses) by using algorithms and heuristics Heuristics- quickways to classify immediate information based on what you know Step 3: Evaluation —judging hypotheses in Step 2 against the criteria in Step 1 Five Key Barriers to Problem Solving - _________Mental Set_____ - _________Mental Set_____ : persistence in using strategies that have worked in the past - Using no more than four lines, can you connect all nine dots without lifting your pencil from the paper? To overcome a
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2009 for the course PSYCH 2000 taught by Professor Domangue during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Chapter_8 - Chapter 8 Thinking, Language, and Intelligence...

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