PSYC-2301-Workbook-Visualizing

PSYC-2301-Workbook-Visualizing - Page 1 of 52 PSYCHOLOGY...

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Unformatted text preview: Page 1 of 52 PSYCHOLOGY 2301 A STUDENT WORKBOOK TO ACCOMPANY Visualizing Psychology By Siri Carpenter Karen Huffman Denise Boyd Joanne Hsu Karen Saenz HOUSTON COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM 2008 Page 2 of 52 CHAPTER1: INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH METHODS Objective 1.1 Define psychology. Text Page(s) Visualizing Psychology (Huffman & Carpenter) 4 Key Terms psychology Exercises 1. Put a check mark by each statement that is true regarding psychology. _____ Psychologists study human behavior. _____ Psychologists study animal behavior. _____ Psychologists study emotions and mental processes. _____ Psychology and "common sense" lead to the same conclusions about behavior and mental processes. _____ Psychology is not a science. Objective 1.2 Describe the major schools of thought and theoretical perspectives in psychology. Text Page(s) Visualizing Psychology (Huffman & Carpenter) 6-11 Key Terms behaviorism psychoanalysis humanistic psychology cognitive psychology information-processing evolutionary psychology biological psychology sociocultural approach Exercises 1. Fill in the chart below. School of Thought Important Theorist(s) Main Ideas Behaviorism Psychoanalysis Humanistic psychology Page 3 of 52 Cognitive psychology Information- processing Evolutionary psychology Biological psychology Sociocultural approach Objective 1.3 Define the scientific method, and explain how it is used in psychology. Text Page(s) Visualizing Psychology (Huffman & Carpenter) 12-13 Key Terms scientific method Exercises 1. What are the goals of scientific psychology? 2. The steps of the scientific method are (1) identify a problem or research question, (2) design a study, (3) collect data, (4) analyze data, (5) draw conclusions, and (6) communicate findings. Identify the step associated with each of the following activities: _____ Dr. Lopez noted "absent" or "present" by each student's name on his class roll at each class meeting. He recorded students' exam scores on his roll sheet as well. _____ Dr. Lopez hypothesized that students who consistently attend class get higher grades than those who are absent more often. _____ Dr. Lopez published the results of his study in the Journal of Community College Teaching . _____ Dr. Lopez calculated the correlation between his students' rates of absence and their exam scores and found that the two variables were positively associated. _____ Dr. Lopez planned to track students' attendance and exam scores and to correlate these two variables at the end of the semester. _____ Dr. Lopez inferred that the data he collected supported his hypothesis regarding the relationship between attendance and exam scores. Page 4 of 52 Objective 1.4 Define and explain the various descriptive research methods and correlational research method....
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PSYC-2301-Workbook-Visualizing - Page 1 of 52 PSYCHOLOGY...

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