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Unformatted text preview: Lily 1105 6.30-7.30 exam 2 study session (oct. 10-11) HR due in lecture next Thursday oct. 12. MOTIVATION Scientific Management – (Fredrick Taylor)- Taylor studied “efficiency” so he could increase productivity- Studied time , methods, & rules/ work in “time-motion studies” Hawthorne Effect – (Elton Mayo)- Mayo studied lighting effects in a manufacturing plant- Found that merely testing the groups increased productivity- The attention of the study made them feel special & accepted Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – SEE 284/252 notes. McGregor’s “X&Y” Theory Theory X (Autocratic) – employees slackers- Dislike work- Avoid Responsibility- Little Ambition- Forced/ Controlled/ Directed/ Threatened- Motivated by Fear & Money Theory Y (Democratic)- employees excel- Like work- Naturally work toward goals- Seeks responsibility- Imaginative, creative, clever- Motivated by empowerment Ouchi’s Theory Z Type A: American- Short term employment- Individual Decision-Making- Rapid evaluation & promotion...
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- Spring '07
- Theory Theory X, session (oct., conditions Reinforcement Theory, job-related factors -Motivators