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Unformatted text preview: PSY120CAROL DONNELLY Lecture 20 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY **First lesson of social psychology: Our behavior is powerfully influenced by the situation Fundamental Attribution Error The observer Underestimates the effect of the situation And Overestimates inner disposition of the actor People ignore the situation that is the main cause (car flipped upside down on fence picture) Just World Phenomenon An attribution error where the assumption is made that the world is just Bad things happen to bad people and good things happen to good people. Rape victims are accused of dressing to explicit. Suggestibility: Copycat behavior (CONFORMITY) High School Shootings. Columbine sparked a chain? Group suicide. Marylin Monroe commited suicide, then that year there were more suicides than the national average. Informational Social Influence (GOOD CONFORMITY) Sherif (1937): Autokinetic Effect A stationary dot of light Gave the illusion of movement Subjects had to guess how many inches it was moving Day 1: Day 2: Day 3: Day 4: Normative Social Influence Bad conformity: comform even when you know its wrong Group Think = Conformity because we want harmony within the group. Not whether its what we think or what we know is wrong. Group Pressure Conformity (Asch, 1955) The group is composed of researcher: all lie 1 person, subject, is out of the loop Need to match the standard (C was answer)...
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- Spring '08
- Social Psychology