11.1.06 - B Cause effect a statement indicating what caused...

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Sheet1 Page 1 B. An argument may have: evidence or data= proof that supports an assertion or claim reservations= circumstances that reveal limitations of a claim qualifiers= words that reveal the degree of confidence (certainty or uncertainty) in a claim BEWARE: of contradictory connections in arguments called non-sequiturs II. Inductive argumentative patterns A. Generalization or example: a statement about the distribtion of some characteristics among the members of a specific class what is the amount of the sample? how was the sample selected? what is being asserted from this sample? BEWARE: A hasty generalization occurs when one generalizes from one or a few examples.
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Unformatted text preview: B. Cause- effect: a statement indicating what caused an observed effect. was this the only cause or the major cause? could this cause generate effect? what evidence establishes a casual link? BEWARE: A false cause (post hoc fallacy) occurs when (1) we argue that since B followed A, A must have caused B or (2) co i n C. Hypothesis or facts: a statement that explains best the available evidence how frequent is this hypothesis with this evidence? are facts sufficient to warrant this claim? what evidence would make this hypothesis more or less convincing? the smoking gun...
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