essay-greek heroes

essay-greek heroes - Heroic Transformations How did the...

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Heroic Transformations . How did the Greeks invent ways an individual man might be transformed into a hero? Do you see in these transformations a positive or negative expression of human nature? Discuss one Homeric hero; the kouros in the Archaic city-state; and the Spartans at Thermoplyae. While some communities admire great philosophers, and other societies glorify their leaders, the Ancient Greeks chose to idolize heroes. For these people, heroes represented the bravest and most courageous citizens of their society that were willing to risk their lives for the good of other people or for the sake of their city’s honor. During each time period of Ancient Greek history, certain heroes were remembered and their memories were placed in a metaphorical hall of fame that allows them to have immortal glory and kleos (Greek word for reputation) for the rest of time(redundant). A Greek hero earned kleos by achieving great deeds, often through battle. A lot of Greek heroic figures that are recognized in current society were derived from the epic poem called the Illiad by Homer during came 7 th or 6 th century BC. The society portrayed in the Illiad is a noble and elite society that breeds several of the famous warriors we recognize today such as Achilles, Agamemnon, Diomedes and Odysseus. The people in the society were raised to believe that battlefield achievement was the most important goal in every male’s life. Their high status in the extremely hierarchal society they were placed in is expressed in material objects and rewarded with many gestures, privileges and geras (Greek word for prizes). Geras was worth fighting over because it was a measure of the amount of power and reputation that each warrior had, which in turn increases his kleos. “The communal life of these heroes is highly ceremonious; as they eat together, enter battle together, follow prescribed and behaviors that knit them together, that express the honor that they are continually receiving, and that
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endow their harsh labors with the elegance and orderliness of civilization.” (Illiad, Homer) Even though the soldiers of the Trojan War will always be known as great warriors, events that occurred later on in Greek history also provided ordinary male citizens the opportunity to gain kleos and be idolized as heroes. During the Archaic period, Greek heroes were not just imprinted in people’s memories, but figures of their bodies were literally carved into stone to physically manifest their accomplishments. Another event occurred in 480 BC, at the battle of Thermoplyae against the Spartans and
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essay-greek heroes - Heroic Transformations How did the...

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