AFP Essay 1 - 1 The Current Emphasis on Human Freedom in...

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1 The Current Emphasis on Human Freedom in U.S. Foreign Policy Freedom. It is a word heard on a regular basis ever since the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, but do we really know what it means? In President Bush’s Second Inaugural Address in January 2005, he states the effects of “human freedom.” Bush states that human freedom is the one and only force capable of breaking the rule of tyranny and hatred that has gripped some nations. He also says that human freedom also has the ability to “reward the hopes of the decent and the tolerant.” 1 While this says what human freedom does, it doesn’t exactly state what human freedom is. What I believe the President thinks human freedom is the inherent right in all people to act freely, as long as you are not infringing upon the rights of others, without fear of oppression. This idea of liberty, human freedom, to all is not unique to the Bush administration. Liberty, its protection, and America’s desire to spread it to the willing can be seen throughout America’s history. Some documents that portray this best are the Monroe Doctrine, and the Truman Doctrine. This emphasis on the advancement of human freedom is heavily entwined in Bush’s foreign policy as can be seen in his response to the threat of terrorism. The Monroe Doctrine (1823) helps illustrate the historical trend of America’s advancement of freedom. A cursory glance at this document tells of Monroe’s emphasis on diplomacy rather than the military, but he does not say that the United States will not act militarily if the time comes. Monroe states, “It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any other portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can anyone believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible,
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2 therefore, that we should behold such interposition in any form with indifference.” 2 Monroe says that these attempts at colonization would not be in the interests of the inhabitants because if the inhabitants were left to there own devices they certainly wouldn’t adopt the European political system. Furthermore, Monroe declares that any attempt at colonization in the western hemisphere will be seen as an act against the United States. This doctrine helps set America as being a liberating state, as being the nation concerned with aiding people in the acquisition of freedom. Another doctrine that needs to be addressed in regards to American foreign policy historically is the Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine is bolder in it’s wording stating exactly what must be done to prevent Greece and Turkey from falling into communist control and what the implications of this happening are. Truman attempts to describe the uncertainty of this time period with implying that as the nations must choose between to methods of government, totalitarian regimes and democracy. A totalitarian
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This essay was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course POLS 240 taught by Professor Marquardt during the Fall '06 term at Lake Forest.

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AFP Essay 1 - 1 The Current Emphasis on Human Freedom in...

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