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section 1 notes - POSC 220 Notes The Precautionary...

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POSC 220 Notes 9/6/07 The Precautionary Principles 9/11/07 Growth of environmentalism: How societies evolve with their treatment of environmental problems Developed countries vs. developing/undeveloped “Industrial Revolution” Early phases of wealth-building = increasing environmental harm After a certain point, wealth seems to lead to environmental improvement Food productivity has increased, % of people with clean drinking water and full sanitation facilities has increased, infective diseases have fallen For developed countries from industrial revolution to 50’s and 60’s, air pollution got worse Since then, air pollution has gotten better Automobiles increasing as mode of transportation worldwide Cities in developing world most polluted IE – China has more developed pollution laws than US Undeveloped countries can take examples from developed countries in terms of environmental laws and conservation Ex: Korea – short period of environmental degradation, compared to a century of degradation for USA Energy and global influences (i.e. climate change) Increasingly intensive energy use, esp. with advanced technology Inequities Download report put out by Yale/Columbia compiling environmental information globally http://www.yale.edu/esi/ESI2005_Main_Report.pdf
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Participation in global environmental commitment Quality of resources And what? Who is environmentally responsible? Canada, Australia, Scandinavia, Finland, Latin American countries GDP Per Capita Overall environmental sustainability and wealth per person relationship: the wealthier a person is, the better their sustainability Wealth explains 23% of the difference in sustainability US is below the trend in sustainability in context of its GDP A Justice Question Some countries worse off than others environmentally, some people within the same communities worse off than others Worse sites: low income communities Henry Shue Some communities produce waste/pollution that have negatively impacted other poorer communities Those who have a greater ability to pay should shoulder a great load environmentally Those that have more enough should ensure that everyone has at least the minimum Environmental Policy Three P’s Problem Solving Deliberate on proper approaches to figure out solutions for collective interest Political Interest Not just public good to decide issues Power
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Who wins, who loses The Snail Darter TVA created dam for electricity and flood control (necessary for farming, erosion prevention, etc) Actually negatively impacted farmers because dams displaced farmers from their land Congress would vote annually on money to give to dam projects, farmers would go protest Cherokee Indians also protested, joined by environmentalists (Environmental Defense Fund) Telico Lake created, dam left open National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
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