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Notes on Arguments

Notes on Arguments - Notes on Arguments 1 Philosophy is all...

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Notes on Arguments 1. Philosophy is all about finding good, strong arguments for what we think we know. Science too is like that. It is establishing the truth of our theories. That is just like philosophy. 2. Arguments have premisses and conclusions. 3. Arguments can be valid or invalid 4. Valid arguments are deductive by nature. 5. These are true by mere structure. Remember If all A’s are B’s and all B’s are C’s then All A’s are C’s. Plug in anything, u always get a valid argument. (example below) 6. If the premisses are really true , then that is called SOUNDNESS . 7. A deductive argument is: if the premisses are true then the conclusion has to be true. The conclusion flows from the premisses. In front of conclusions we often write: Therefore, it follows, then, etc. (not however!!) 8. There are inductive arguments too. 9. These are like what you learn from experience. You see milk in childhood. It’s white. All the samples of milk you see are white (unless its choc milk or something). So u induce: well, all milk is white.
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