IASbaba.com Iasbaba.com Page 1 History Compilation-Prelims 1. In British India, what is ‘Dastak’ known for? 1.A permit exempting European traders, mostly of the British East India Company, from paying customs or transit duties on their private trade. 2.A permit regulating internal trade, mostly for Indian traders. 3.Fee charged by Indian rulers from European Traders when they trade into their territory 4.Fee charged by British government for the regulation of domestic trade.Solution: 1 Explanation: Dastak,in 18th-century Bengal, a permit exempting European traders, mostly of the British East India Company, from paying customs or transit duties on their private trade. The name came from the Persian word for “pass.” The practice was introduced by Robert Clive, one of the creators of British power in India, when he had Mir Jaʿfarinstalled as nawab of Bengal in 1757. The attempt of Mir Jaʿfar’s successor, Mir Qāsim, to annul the use of dastaks led to his overthrow in 1763–64 and the exercise of overt control of Bengal by the British. Free dastaks for private trade were finally abolished by Warren Hastings, governor of Bengal (1775). The system put the Indian trader at a grave disadvantage in competing with the European and was an important factor in the impoverishment of Bengal under early British rule.
IASbaba.com Page 2 2. Consider the following statements with respect to administration of Maratha and Mughal Empires 1.The revenue system of Marathas was progressive unlike Mughals who were mainly interested in raising revenues from the helpless peasantry. 2.Maratha failed to give sound administration to the people outside Maharashtra while Mughal’s were more successful in effective administration.Select the correct statement/s
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- Winter '15
- following statements, British Raj, Indian independence movement, Indian Rebellion of 1857, eastern india