Callicles vs Socrates

Callicles vs Socrates - Callicles vs Socrates: Part 1 This...

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Callicles vs Socrates: Part 1 This is the last part of the dialogue (thank god!!).  Prof Sam Wheeler has excellent overheads on this. I  am going to summarize them in a manner that makes the stuff look somewhat easier. One nice thing  about this part is that Socrates keeps summarizing what Callicles says.  Plato is trying to help his readers  see the light through the thicket of words and arguments.  OK. Some distinctions and principles we have encountered so far are: 1. Knowledge/belief 2. Reality/Appearance 3. Body/Soul 4. Doing what one wants vs. doing what one sees fit to do. 5. Knack and craft.   6. If a person learns justice or law, he will become incapable of acting unjustly. Knowing virtuous  things  makes  us virtuous. This is the famous Socratic line: Knowledge is virtue.  7. If something is done to you, then you are physically or psychically  impressed  upon. If someone is  disciplining you then you stand disciplined. If someone is X-ing you then u are X-ed. What does Callicles say? He says many things.  Clearly Callicles dislikes philosophy. He thinks mature people should not do it. He  thinks it is childish babble. He says that Socrates is faulty of the  fallacy   of   ambiguity  over the word  “just”.  Things can be just by nature OR just by convention or law. Socrates takes doing injustice (which  is shameful 
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PHIL 104 taught by Professor Bontly during the Fall '08 term at UConn.

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Callicles vs Socrates - Callicles vs Socrates: Part 1 This...

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