Section 3 Anthropology Notes

Section 3 Anthropology Notes - Section Three Anthropology...

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Unformatted text preview: Section Three Anthropology Notes 10/29/07 • Movie – Strangers Abroad, Off the Veranda • Trobirand islanders o Economic exchange is mainly male o Arm shells and necklaces = money • Kula o Exchange involved no ordinary presents and was between special friends o Kula = to go o Last exercise following elaborate and dangerous expeditions o Arm shells can’t be bought or sold – special items of exchange o Ritual involving a ring of islands forming a closed circuit Clockwise – long necklaces of red shell Counter – bracelets of white shell o Begins with building of Kula canoe Never carries food, for a chief o Focus of each trip is the handing over of each necklace/arm shell o Each voyager heading to village of Kula partner until given his object o Most people have to offer special objects to chief, or else it’s considered a challenge o Good way to reinforce social and political alliances • Male/female economic exchange • Movie – The Triobriand Islanders of Papua New Guinea • Bundles and skirts • Women and wealth, money and power • Giving is more important to receiving • Yam harvest = holiday, rivalry, competition, tradition • Bundles of leaves are women’s wealth (valuable and in demand because it takes a lot of time and effort to make them) • Matrilineal system • Hereditary chiefs hold power over everyone but women have economic power o Bundles underpin men’s power o Sons can never inherit father’s chief titles o Instead, sister’s sons • The more wives, the more yams, and the richer/more powerful you are • Men are responsible for growing yams, but women work in the gardens too o Women also create their own wealth: bundles and skirts • Competition with yams between men • Bundles in funeral rites 10/31/07: Ongka’s Big Moka • Big men give away thins for status • Competitive feasting • Papua new guinea: tribe Kalweka • Ongka – K leader/big man o He and his tribe assembling a gift for 5 years • Big man to receive gift: Perowa, also a big member of the National Assembly in Papua new Guinea • Moku (gifts) most important part of Highlanders lives • Gift = 500-00 pigs, birds, truck, money 0 could be biggest gift ever given o Would give him and his tribe status • Big men don’t have authority over tribesmen, only power of persuasion • Tribe of 1000 people – farm, raise livestock • No villages, just scattered settlements • Big men compete for status of fixing the date • Ongka: four wives, nine children • “Money looks after white people, pigs look after Kalweka” • Rare bird- Kasseri – captured for sole purpose of Moka • Basic food of pigs and people: sweet potatoes • Can survive without pigs, but if want to get ahead or marry, you definitely need them...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course ANTH 263g taught by Professor Seaman during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Section 3 Anthropology Notes - Section Three Anthropology...

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