C121 - Survey of World History - Task 1 (Written Portion) - Survey of World History C121 How Location Affected the Rise of Civilization in Mesopotamia

C121 - Survey of World History - Task 1 (Written Portion) -...

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Survey of World History – C121 How Location Affected the Rise of Civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt both had many similarities in their locations. Each was situated along the banks of a river (in Mesopotamia, two rivers) and each flooded regularly. These floods allowed for more fertile riverbanks and for people to settle down. No longer was the hunter/gatherer lifestyle necessary. People could grow enough food to store long term, allowing for other pursuits. Because the river valleys were so well situated people began to flourish. Settlements grew into towns, which turned into cities. These cities developed hierarchy structures and political systems to keep the citizens in order. In Mesopotamia the main system of government revolved around a priest, as the priests were thought to have the ear of the gods. Gods were thought to control the weather and flooding, therefore the people who could speak with them were revered. As time passed Kings were appointed, but most were priests themselves and all were thought to have divine approval. In Egypt things grew along the same lines, with a few differences. Pharaoh was thought to actually

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