w w w . b a n k e r s h e r a l d . i n INDIAN HISTROY Medieval India Bankers herald team BANKERS HERALD
Medieval in India: Marked by beginning of the sultanate of Delhi, which was established after the conquest of Muhammad Ghori. The period of the Sultanate of Delhi, ranges from AD 1206-1526. This is considered as the beginning of Muslim rule in India. Important Dynasties: The Slave dynasty’speriod ranges from AD 1206-1290. It was founded by Qutub-ud –din Aibak and the prominent rulers of this dynasty were IItutmish and the only Muslim Woman ruler of India, Razia Sultana. The Khilji dynastywas founded by Jalal-ud-din Khillji and its period ranges from AD 1290-1320. Alaud –din Khilijiwas one of the most prominent rulers of this dynasty. The Tughlak dynastywas founded by Ghiasuddin Tughlak and the period ranges from AD1320-1414. Ibn Batuta was an important African traveler who visited India in 1333. The Lodhi dynastywas founded by Bahlol Lodhi and the period of this dynasty ranges AD 1451-1526. Sikander and Ibrahim Lodhi were the other two prominent rulers belonging to this dynasty. Decline of Delhi Sultanate: The main causes were: Despotic and military type of government which did not have the confidence of the people Degeneration of the Delhi Sultan The Sultanate became too vast and could not be controlled effectively. Financial instability Number of slaves increased to 1, 80, 000 in Firoz Shah’s time, which was a burden on the treasury. First battle of Panipat: The first battle of Panipat was fought in 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, the sultan of Delhi and Babur, the ruler of Kabul, Babur invaded India and established the Mughal dynasty. The Mughal Dynasty (1526-1540 and 1555-1857): Extent-Stretched from Punjab to Bengal, including Jaunpur and Bihar, in the 16thcentury. Included Kabul in the north-west, Kashmir in the north; Sindhi, Multan, Ajmer, Gujarat in the west. Malwa and banner in the south; and Orissa and Bengal in the east at the time of Akbar’s death. Stretched from Kabul Kandhar and Peshawar in the north of Kaveri in the south by the end of the 17thcentury.
Important Rulers of Mughal Dynasty: One of the most important dynasties of India is Mughal dynasty. Which reigned almost continuously from AD 1526-1857. Important rulers: Babur (1526-1530):Is said to have founded the Mughal empire. He defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat on 20 April 1526and became emperor of Delhi. In 1527, he defeated Rana Sanga at Khanwa a near fathepur Sikri and occupied Agra. In 1527, in the battle og Gorge, he defeated the Afghans and thus, became the master of the entire India. He wrote his autobiography, Tuzuk-I-Babriin which he gives an excellent account of India and his empire. He died in 1530. Humayun (1530-1540): He was the son of Babur and ascended the throne in 1530, his succession was challenged by his brothers Kamran, hindal and Askari along with the Afgans. He fought two battles against Sher Shah at Chausa (1539) and at Kannauj (1560) and was completely defeated by his enemies. He escaped to Persia, where
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- Winter '15
- Delhi, British Raj, Indian National Congress, Indian independence movement