Psych of Food Test 2

Psych of Food Test 2 - Psych of Food Test 2 Chapter 5: The...

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Psych of Food Test 2 Chapter 5: The meaning of body size Media Representation - Comic strips: o Men appear more frequently than women o Men have more central role o Women are usually minor characters o Men appeared with a wide range of occupations o Women were usually bank teller or secretary or at home o Women more likely to be shown in the home as care givers o Women often shown as critical, worrying, and having stressful sleepless nights - Newspapers o Women much less pictured o The text is more likely to mention appearance of women, their clothing and whether they are married - Television o Women comprise 29% of all characters and 31% main characters o Women are likely to be younger than men o Women more likely to be shown in the home o Women less likely to be shown in prestigious positions and if they were they were both beautiful and brilliant - Magazines o Basic message= sexual relationships were the most important factors in women’s lives o Women are shown in traditional occupations o Women are more likely to be shown nude of partially clad o Face-ism= 0 is no face shown 1 is only face Face-ism index for men= .65 Women= .45- greater emphasis on body Images of female body size and shape - 1600’s o rounder “reproductive figure” o plumpness= attractive - 1800’s o Round hips and breast o Fat by today’s standards - 1920’s o Flappers o Flat-chested and boyish appearance - 1940’s and 50’s o Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell
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o Curvy women were attractive - End of 1950’s and 1960’s o Audry Hepburn and Twiggy o Flapper image came back o Thin Images of male body size and shape - Roman and Greek Art o Slim, muscular male warrior - 1980’s o Re-emergence of male image is credited towards influence of gay culture o Slimmed down o Hairless, well toned, narrow hips The meaning of Sex - stereotypes based on sex involve the assumption that individuals from the same sex have more in common than those of different sexes - 1970’s study o stereotypical woman warm, expressive, sensitive o stereotypical male active, objective, independent, aggressive, and direct o male traits considered more socially desireable o female traits are more childlike o criticized bc this study focuses on personality not behavioral traits - 1980’s study o Participants were given a list of characteristics including role behaviors, physical characteristics, and occupations o Women Warm, emotional, small, taking care of children o Men and women are considered in terms of opposites The meaning of Size - Quantitative research o Thinness Attractiveness Success Control freedom o Obesity Unsuccessful Overeating Unpopular Lazy
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Unattractive A self-Inflicted state o Suggests that people of all ages and sexes and from a different number of cultures stigmatize and discriminate against obese people o Fat women are judged more negatively than fat men o Even young children rated obese children as most unliked over handicapped children bc they felt obesity was self-inflicted
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Devlen during the Spring '08 term at Dickinson.

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Psych of Food Test 2 - Psych of Food Test 2 Chapter 5: The...

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