Cognitive Science 1 4.26

Cognitive Science 1 4.26 - Cognitive Science 1: 4.26...

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Cognitive Science 1: 4.26 Philosophy of the Mind I. What is Philosophy? A. Philos = love of  B. Sophia = Wisdom C. Conceptual analysis – E.g. What is “Knowledge?”, What is “Justice?”,  Find necessary  and sufficient conditions. E.g. Knowledge = justified true belief D. Use of Logical Argument –  1. Deduction: All men are mortal, Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is  mortal. 2. Induction: Every swan I’ve seen has been white, therefore all swans are white E. Use of “Gedanken” (thought) – experiments F. Applied to study of mental phenomena – philosophy of the mind  II. Topics A. What are Mental States? B. How does the brain represent the world C. What is consciousness? D. Can consciousness be explained? III. Mind and Body – Dualism A. Dualists believe that mind and brain are different kinds of substances, existing  independently, but interacting (popular among non-scientists) B. Rene Descartes (17 th  Century philosopher and mathematician) proposed that mind  and brain interact in the pineal gland
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course COGS 1 taught by Professor Lewis during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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Cognitive Science 1 4.26 - Cognitive Science 1: 4.26...

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