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BILD Study Guide

BILD Study Guide - Study Guide 1 A 1 Chromatin is comprised...

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Study Guide 1 A 1. Chromatin is comprised of DNA and histones. In order to neutralize the charge on DNA, histones must be basic proteins with a ______________charge because DNA has a ______________ charge. 2. A major difference between DNA and RNA is that DNA has a base called ______________ whereas RNA has a base called ______________. 3. Viruses differ from all other living things in two important ways: 3.1. Viruses are not comprised of ______________. 3.2. Viruses possess ______________ or ______________, but not both. 4. Bacteria differ from eukaryotic cells in that bacteria do not possess ______________. 5. All living cells must be able to synthesize ______________ as a source of chemical energy. B 1. Name 1 protein present in human cells. Be specific. ____________________________. What is the function of that protein? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Most proteins possess a quaternary structure because they contain more than one ____________________________. 3. How many different amino acids are used as building blocks for proteins found in all living things? ______________. 4. Name the two types of R groups in amino acids that help make proteins soluble in water (hydrophilic) ______________ and ______________. 5. Name 3 common polysaccharides that are comprised of glucose. 5.1. ______________ 5.2. ______________ 5.3. ______________ C Which organelle or sub-cellular component is responsible for? 1. Degradation of denatured cellular proteins ____________________________. 2. Synthesis of ATP by the electron transport system in animal cells ____________________________. 3. Synthesis of ribosomal RNA ____________________________. 4. Synthesis of all proteins ____________________________. 5. Modification of proteins by addition of carbohydrates ____________________________. D 1. A substrate binds very specifically to a region on an enzyme called the ____________________________ . 2. Enzymes catalyze biochemical reactions by lowering the ____________________________ of the substrate. 3. The “secret of life” according to your Professor is the ability to drive chemical reactions that are called _______________ reactions, such as the synthesis of ______________, thereby creating order out of chaos. 4. The enzyme catalase catalyzes the reaction: 2H 2 O 2 2H 2 O 2 + O 2 The rate of the reaction is _____________________________________________________.
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E 1. What chemical affects the fluidity of biological membranes and is needed for the synthesis of steroids? _________________. 2. What chemical is the major component of all biological membranes? ____________________________. 3.
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BILD Study Guide - Study Guide 1 A 1 Chromatin is comprised...

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