Humanities Lecture 3.10

Humanities Lecture 3.10 - Humanities Lecture: 3.10 The...

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Humanities Lecture: 3.10 The Argument of Plato’s Gorgias I. Outline for the Argument A. Three Stages 1. Gorgias a) He admits that he would teach about right as wrong, dishonor and  honor if necessary to a student 2. Polus a) Defends Gorgias by saying that he was being too nice and that they  don’t need to be morality teachers 3. Callicles a) Wealthy man in Athens embarking on political career b) Accuses Gorgias and Polus of being soft, Socrates shamed them into  saying things they don’t really believe c) Argues that it is better to do injustice than to suffer it—according to  laws of nature 4. Logical Sucession a) Each new speaker subsumes argument of predecessor by  incorporation it into own position and adding own argument of their own b) To refute Polus is to refute Gorgias as well 5. Historical Succession a) Starts with old man Gorgias to younger Polus to still younger Callicles b) Shows movement of politics through generations under sophists c) Gorgias thinks you need to know morality d) Polus doesn’t think morality has to do with rhetorical training e) Callicles represents immorality of rhetoricians outside of class to gain  power B. Stages of the Argument 1. Crafts aim at the Good
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Humanities Lecture 3.10 - Humanities Lecture: 3.10 The...

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