Essay 1 - Matthew Saunders 260230561 VIRTUE Can virtue be...

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Matthew Saunders 260230561 VIRTUE Can virtue be taught? To answer this question, we must first define virtue. In Meno, Socrates’ be st definition of virtue is ‘knowledge of goodness’ [ Meno, 88 d] . He believes that virtue is a form, that it is always accompanied by knowledge, and vice versa. There is also popular virtue, which is what Meno gives as his first definition [ Meno, 71 e] . The ‘Golden Rule’ – do unto others as you would have done unto you – is an example of popular virtue. This type is a shadow of the true form of virtue, which exists in the “world of forms”, outside of space and time. This is the place that Plato’s allegory of the cave refers to. Popular virtues participate in the form of virtue in the manner that snow participates in the form of coldness. Popular virtues are particulars of true virtue. True virtue is greater than actions, while popular virtues are actions, and so because true virtue is greater than actions, a human can never achieve it. I believe that because virtue is a form, it can never
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Essay 1 - Matthew Saunders 260230561 VIRTUE Can virtue be...

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