244- reading group summary

244- reading group summary - (Week 8-9 Great Power Politics...

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(Week 8-9: Great Power Politics and War) Freedman “The Arrival of the Bomb” 1. The Arrival of the Bomb I. The Transformation of War A. Nuclear weapons, when first introduced, where seen in the light of military/ warfare/ international relations thinking that had developed out of WWI. WWI had revealed that wars were no longer just a military affair- involves the entire strength of the entire nation. The high casualties and costs of the first world war pushed strategists to develop quicker, more decisive ways to fight with the new technology they had (tanks and aircraft). Besides using this technology on the battlefield, “strategic bombardment” in which you use your aircraft against your adversary’s major social/industrial centers to weaken the country as a whole developed. II. Strategic Bombardment A. military use of aircraft acknowledged pretty much as soon as they were invented- lots of fear surrounding what could be with aircraft in war B. Bombings can bring about swift conclusions to conflict as opposed to troops on the ground battling it out C. those who were interested in having a bigger budget and separate military section for aircraft related encouraged the theories of strategic bombing- somewhat propaganda 1. The encouragement of “Strategic bombardment” theories of warfare by those who wanted air forces developed partially responsible for the high degree of speculation instead of analysis, sophisticated thought on the matter D. “strategic bombardment” applies to attacking socioeconomic centers of the adversary- not the type of bombing that accompanies ground forces on the battlefield- a separate attempt at victory 1. At first, believed that strategic bombardment and the use of aircraft would be completely non-contact with the adversary’s forces. History proved otherwise so even strategic bombardment often became battles… 2. Moves war from the periphery of an enemy (fighting for territory at borders) to the centers E. Because of “strategic bombardment” theories, military strategists were now
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