Social Problems02-05

Social Problems02-05 - Gender & Age Stratification Sex &...

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Sex & Gender - Sex – a biological distinction (designation); sex is determined at conception, both parents contribute equally to the 23 pairs of chromosomes; to determine sex, the mother can only contribute an X, father can contribute X or Y. (XX – Female; XY – Male) Chromosomal difference leads to different organs, tissue structure Primary Sex Characteristics – genitals necessary for human reproduction Secondary Sex Characteristics – female – wider hips, larger breasts; male – more body hair, greater upper body strength Hermaphrodite - rare people born with both male and female genitalia Gender – a social designation; men & women refer only to humans; socially defined Social distinction can change over time Deborah Tannen You Just Don’t Understand Doing Gender – You expect women to behave a certain way, you expect men to behave a certain way Private Speaking – women talk more than men Public Speaking – men talk more than women (Men use conversation to one-up others; women use conversation to develop relationships) Troubles Talk – women enjoy talking about their troubles Biological Evidence (As a rule, males are taller than women, they’re heavier, they have greater muscular strength – this allows them to dominate women) (More malformed males born than females, males have more hereditary defects; females have greater tolerance for pain, and seem to be more resistant to disease)(So maybe women are the dominant sex) More males are conceived, but more women survive 140 Males Conceived & 106 Males Born – 100 Females Born Age 65 +: for every 85 Males: there are 100 Females Psychological Evidence
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Men- as a rule tend to be more aggressive, more active, greater skill at special visualization Women – more likely to be nurturing, more concerned about others, more emotional, and verbal Nature rather than Nurture Cultural Learning Sex: “Misassignment” – where a person of one sex is mistakenly taken for the opposite sex and treated in a manner appropriate to that sex Biologically born a boy, but missing appropriate genitalia Or biologically born female, but clitoris is so enlarged that she is mistaken for a boy Cross Cultural Evidence If gender differences are solely a function of biological sex differences there should be no differences in gender roles. No variation across societies, no variation is behavior across societies, and the right and obligations should not vary. If there is a lot of variation, we know that it is not just based on biological sex differences Allocation of Societal Tasks 3 clear patterns 1 – Sex is a major basis for allocation of social task in most if not all societies men and women are assigned different social tasks. Men and women are assigned different social roles 2 – A limited number of tasks seem to be consistently assigned to one sex rather than the other Child rearing and domestic care - women
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course SYG 2010 taught by Professor Jdennis during the Spring '08 term at FIU.

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Social Problems02-05 - Gender & Age Stratification Sex &...

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