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Unformatted text preview: 2.5.8 H 366 Medieval Monasticism Augustine : born in N. Africa (modern day Tunisia), upbringing at a small village Tagaste, 384 becomes teacher of rhetoric in Milan, bday Nov 15 354, died 430, early life influenced by Manichaean thought (Gnostic thought), Milan: comes in contact with Neoplatonism philosophy, 387 baptized by Ambrose and goes into monastic life, returns to N. Africa (desert area good for hermitism), travels with mother to Ostia on Tiber river has vision with her, she dies shortly thereafter, goes back to Tagaste, his name associated with three monastic rules (see below): Erasmus thought involved; major opponent of Pelagian thought, the fall of man was a major event with ramifications from then on, original sin of Adam corrupts human nature, human condition as a bondage of the will humans wish to do good but cant, consequently God gives humans grace to remove some of the stain of original sin, cant do it on your on, need Gods grace; writes many treatises on this continual emphasis on divine action freeing the will to be able to live a good life; creates doctrine of Predestination Tagaste : Augustine raised here, returns to establish monastery, near city Hippo Regius Carthage : Augustine trained in rhetoric here, goes from here to Rome to teach it Hippo Regius : near modern day Nigeria, Augustine drawn to activity here (an episcopal city) ordained as deacon here, then helper to bishop, then attains bishopric himself, two...
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- Spring '08