Midterm_Study_guide

Midterm_Study_guide - Dance 45 Midterm Studyguide What is...

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Dance 45 Midterm Studyguide What is history? - study of events that happened in the past, record of events with a certain bias (someone chooses what to record) What is dance?- ***first page of reader What is art? Basic elements of all dance Cultural knowledge Ellen Dissanayake- she wrote “Art Intimacy”; scholar who said how babies respond to baby talk is similar to how people respond when watching dance; it relates to our pull of art; infant research on how infants learn through space, time, and energy (highly aesthetic); the way culture knowledge is transmitted, baby talk exists in all cultures, but not the same Paleolithic, Old Stone Age Sympathetic magic- image and reality are believed to be the same Aborigines- inspiration for Jiri Kylian’s Stamping Ground; the basic element is stamping Jiri Kylian- choreographer of Stamping Ground (inspired by Australian aborigines dance which has a very basic element of stamping); involved with Netherlands Dance Theatre Netherlands Dance Theatre- Jiri Kylian is involved with this a lot Stamping Ground- the dance the Jiri Kylian choreographed; it was inspired by the Australian aborigines and it’s basic element of dance is stamping Neolithic, New Stone Age- no longer hunters and gatherers, now agriculture; stay in one location, development of sacred circle
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Totem- animal; soul attributed to the animal; linked to nature; watches over a group of people; has special sacral powers Animistic Perspective- idea that animals had souls; development of the totem; coming out of sympathetic magic; take on the role of the animal when dancing, beginning of religion Cradle of western civilization- Mesopotamia (Iraq today), Sumarians from here invented the wheel, division of time intervals of 60 3 basic dance patterns often seen in ancient times- circle, line, procession Lineage-based cultures and dance- **Page 2 of reader Shaman- healer/witch doctor; first choreographers; in lineage based societies Dance and religion Egyptian dance- important aspect of funeral processions, acrobatics, professional mourners Dance of the Hebrews, 12 verbs- 12 words for dance in Hebrew; dance was so significant for Hebrews; it was done in a circle, ecstatic worship Whirling Dervishes- Muslim celebration of the divine; basic element was twirling and it could go for 10 hours Trance- dance that transports them emotionally and physically to a different realm; girls can walk through flames and not get burned; most societies in the world have forms of trance dance; less trance in monotheistic cultures Dance in Crete Dance in Greece- children were taught dance and nobility should know how to dance and the specific kinds that existed Dionysus- god of wine, fertility, ecstasy; cults (Maenads run through the forest screaming and ripping animals apart)
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Dithyramb- in Athens; contained the dance around the later; out of this grew Greek Theater and use of Greek chorus; it was a set up arena and it contained Dionysus dance because men didn’t like it Thespis- first actor, from Greece Greek Drama
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course DANCE 45 taught by Professor Press during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Midterm_Study_guide - Dance 45 Midterm Studyguide What is...

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