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dance 45 - Russian Revolution 1917 the revolution was...

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Russian Revolution 1917 : the revolution was against the Tsar, the Tsar controlled, funded, promoted ballet in Russia, head choreographer was Petipa, the communists take over Russia, ballet in Russia stayed classical because of communism Anna Pavlova : greatest female ballet dancer, had her own company, workaholic, died of pneumonia b/c of overwork, last words were of her swan costume. Had greatest influence in America The Dying Swan : 1905 Pavlova wants solo choreographed by Fokine=Dying Swan, became her signature dance. Her solo considered the most famous of all dramatic solos. Was first danced at Metropolitan NY, critics loved it. Became symbol of new Russian ballet=Romanticism in 1840s in ballet (value of individual against society & influenced all arts) Ballet Russe : Diaghilev as producer, grew out of his summer tour, all revolutionary dancers came out of this company, later dissolved Serge Diaghilev : rises as director/impresario/producer (not dancer/choreographer/musician), was good at bringing talent together, brought ballet to 20 th C. launched career of Fokine, Ninjinsky, Massine, Pavlova Balanchine. Brings all great dancers from Imperial Ballet to Paris for the summer. Great success, ballets mostly work of Fokine, and he establishes Ballet Russe as permanent company instead of summer event, died 1929, but Ballet Russe still continued Leon Bakst: made costumes and set for Afternoon of a Fawn Pablo Picasso: did costumes for many of Diaghilev's productions through promise to become famous, no one hired anyone to do anything for ballet russe except Diaghilev Michel Fokine : born in St. Petersburg, student of Imperial School of Ballet, brilliant dancer but became known as choreographer, followed Petipa. Didn't like Imperial Russian ballet's rigidity and sterility which was still controlled by the Tsar. Thought was little more than an exhibition of agility and physical virtuosity. Dances happily w/ Diaghilev's company. Wanted to make ballet a fully expressive art that mirrored life. Revolutionary ideas that audience accepted. Hot and passionate dances Fokine's 5 major principles : (really reiterating Noverre) -movement to fit theme of dance -entire body to be expressive -no mime
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-no divertissments, nothing for sake of entertainment -unity between all arts Les Sylphides : short, non-narrative ballet blanc . Its original choreography was by Mikhail Fokine, with music by Frédéric Chopin. The Diaghilev premier is Paris vs. in St. Ptersburg is the most famous, as its soloists were Tamara Karsavina, Vaslav Nijinsky (as the poet, dreamer, or young man), Anna Pavlova, and Alexandra Baldina. Has no plot, but instead consists of many sylphs dancing in the moonlight with the poet or young man Scheherazade : produced by Diaghileff, choreographed by Fokine, Baskt did costumes and set, starred Nijinsky who plays highly sexual slave, Arabian story of marital infidelity Cleopatre : Fokine dances, Diaghilev's company, brings about adult themed narratives, commoner wants to have sex with Cleopatra as long as he agrees to kill himself the next
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