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ESS_51_Final_Review[1] - ESS 51 – Introduction to...

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ESS 51 – Introduction to Exercise Science and Sport Exam 3 REVIEW SHEET _____________________________________________________________________ Exercise Physiology Definition of the field. The study of acute physiological responses to activity and the changes in physiological responses to chronic physical activity. Impact/importance of Ex. Phys. History of the field – Harvard lab (1 st major site for ex phys,1930s-40s), ACSM (1954), Morris study (bus drivers had higher CHD than conductors on double-decker busses), Surgeon General’s report (1990’s moderate exercise is beneficial in reducing disease) 2 goals of exercise physiology (applied vs. basic) To use exercise to understand human phys (basic) . 2 to use phys to understand exercise specifically (applied) Training principles (e.g. overload, progression, specificity) Energy systems in exercise – different activities = diff. systems ATP (initial high intensity, used during the first 10 -15 seconds), anaerobic (glycolytic system- kicks in after atp can no longer hang, primary source of energy during first 1-2 mins), aerobic (primary system used in prolonged continuous light and moderate intensity activities) Nutritional effects/analyses (amount of glycogen stored is directly related to carbohydrate content of diet, keep hydrated, and iron helps body hold oxygen) What is exercise epidemiology? Study of the role of physical activity in disease management and rehab (relationship between activity and mortality). Emphases of study within the field Career opportunities in the field (know at least 2) Research, teaching, and clinical. What are the main foci in exercise physiology? Myths debunked by exercise physiology (muscle turns to fat, women get bulky) Three major areas of study in exercise physiology? Cardiovascular and metabolic, exercise biochem, and applied exercise phys. Sport and Exercise Psychology (Bruce Hansen lecture) Definition/history of the field (application of psychology to the behaviors, issues and problems in the world of sport, definition for exercise psych is same but ends with fitness exercise and physical activity) Personality and athletic performance (more succesfull athletes have more positive self- perceptions and use more productive cognitive coping strategies) Motivation and participation in physical activity (all are motivated to feel competent, worthy and self determining. Intrinsic – when people engage in an activity without
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