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Chapter 13 Understanding Human Personality
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What is Personality? Personality defined Unique psychological qualities of an individual that influence a variety of characteristic behavior patterns across different situations and over time
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Type Personality Theories Personality Types all-or-none Hippocrates’ humors Sheldon’s body types endomorphic (f), mesomorphic (p), ectomorphic (s) Sulloway’s birth order types firstborn-identify and comply laterborn-“born to rebel”
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Trait Personality Theories Gordon Allport’s Trait Approach Cardinal traits (organize life around these; e.g., self-sacrifice) Central traits (major characteristics; e.g., honesty) Secondary traits (specific, personal features; e.g., food preferences)-helps to predict behavior, but uninformative regarding personality
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Trait Personality Theories James Cattell’s 16 Factors Hans Eysenck’s Dimensional Theory 3 broad dimensions extraversion (internally/externally oriented) neuroticism (emotionally stable/unstable) psychoticism (kind/aggressive, antisocial)
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Trait Personality Theories Five-Factor Model (Big Five) Extraversion Agreeableness (kind vs. cold) Conscientiousness (responsible vs. careless) Neuroticism (stable vs. unstable) Openness to experience (creative vs. simple)
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Consistency Paradox
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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redford_13 done - Chapter 13 Understanding Human...

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