GRECO-ROMAN.RELIGIONS.07

GRECO-ROMAN.RELIGIONS.07 - Greco-Roman Religions and...

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Greco-Roman Religions and Philosophies Preamble: The Underlying Platonic Cosmology: The Allegory of the Cave The “Allegory” of the Matrix: Morpheus’ Proposal
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Platonic cosmology (Plato’s two levels of reality--the world of Ideas/the sense- perceptible world) was revived in Middle Platonism (c. 80 B.C.-A.D. 250) . This cosmology was appropriated by Pagans, Jews, and Christians (both proto-orthodox and gnostic) 1. “Pagan”: “For creation is the image of being in matter, and the thing created is a picture of reality” (Plutarch, Isis and Osiris , 372F)
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2. Jewish “Moses tells us that humans were created after the image of God . . . It is in respect of the Mind . . . That the word ‘image’ is used; for after the pattern of a single Mind, even the Mind of the Universe as an archetype” (Philo of Alexandria, “On the Creation”)
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3. Christian (proto-orthodox) “They offer worship in a sanctuary that is a sketch and shadow of the heavenly one; for Moses . . . Was warned, ‘See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain” (Hebrews 8:5)
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4. Christian (Gnostic) Woe to you who hope in the flesh and in the prison that will perish! . . . Watch and pray that you not come to be in the flesh, but rather that you come forth from the bondage of the bitterness of this life. And as you pray, you will find rest, for you have left behind the suffering and the disgrace. For when you come forth from the sufferings and passions of the body, you will receive rest from the good one, and you will reign with the king, you joined with him and he with you, from now on, for ever and ever, Amen." ( Book of Thomas the Contender ; Nag Hammadi Library)
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GRECO-ROMAN RELIGIONS I. Religions in the Roman Empire A.The Context of Greco-Roman Religions: The Pax Romana and the Augustan Age
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Augustan Propaganda Turn the eyes now this way; behold the Romans, your very own. These are Iulus’ children, the race to come. One promise you have heard over and over: here is its fulfillment, the son of a god, Augustus Caesar, founder of a new age of gold , in lands where Saturn ruled long ago . . .” Anchises to Aeneas in the underworld in Virgil’s Aeneid , book six.
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The Ara Pacis
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course REL 1310 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Fall '08 term at Baylor.

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GRECO-ROMAN.RELIGIONS.07 - Greco-Roman Religions and...

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