Personality - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Personality Chapter 11 Personality • Personality- the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel, and behave • Consistency : stability over time and across situations • Distinctiveness : behavioral differences among people reacting to the same situation • Character- value judgments of a person’s moral and ethical behavior. • Temperament- the enduring characteristics with which each person is born. Four Perspectives in Study of Personality • Psychodynamic (Freud & Co.) • Behavioral (including social cognitive theory) – the “learning” guys • Humanistic (Rogers) • Trait perspectives (Eysenck, Cattell, McCrae & Costa, etc.) Sigmund Freud • Founder of the psychoanalytic movement in psychology • Europe during the Victorian age • Men were understood to be unable to control their “animal” desires • a good Victorian husband would father several children with his wife and then turn to a mistress for sexual comfort, leaving his virtuous wife untouched • Women, especially those of the upper classes, were not supposed to have sexual urges • Backdrop for this theory Divisions of Consciousness...
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Personality - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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