Trait Theories of Personality

Trait Theories of Personality - • Introverts •...

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Trait Theories of Personality Specifically: The BIG FIVE!
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Trait Theories of Personality Trait theories Trait - a consistent, enduring way of thinking, feeling, or behaving. (durable disposition); not state Honest, moody, impulsive, excitable… Traits are bipolar; dichotomous Allport Thousands of factors/traits Cattell Factor analysis – 16 traits
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Trait Theories of Personality Surface traits – easily observable clusters of behavior Source traits – underlying traits; building blocks Example : Introversion - dimension of personality in which people tend to withdraw from excessive stimulation
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The Big Five Theory Five-factor model (Big Five) McCrae and Costa (OCEAN) Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Extraverts
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Unformatted text preview: • Introverts • Agreeableness • Neuroticism Big Five Cont’d • Openness to experience : curious, flexible, vivid fantasies, artistic sensitivity, etc • Conscientiousness : diligence, discipline, punctual, dependable • Extraversion : outgoing, sociable, gregarious, upbeat, assertive … • Agreeableness : sympathy, trust, cooperation, modesty • Neuroticism : anxiousness, hostility, insecurity, vulnerability, self-consciousness Trait Theories Today • Support for the five-factor model of personality traits in a number of different cultures. • Future research will explore the degree to which child-rearing practices and heredity may influence the five personality factors....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jaggard during the Fall '07 term at Indiana State University .

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Trait Theories of Personality - • Introverts •...

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