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Operant Conditioning - Learning lecture 2 Not all learning...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/11/09 Learning lecture 2 Operant Conditioning
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5/11/09 Not all learning fits into Classical Conditioning models Some learning (like studying) is not reflexive CONSEQUENCES Influenced by events that FOLLOW the response Operant Conditioning Intro
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5/11/09 Form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by consequences Voluntary/Involuntary response distinction CLASSICAL = INVOLUNTARY OPERANT = VOLUNTARY “Organisms tend to repeat those responses that Operant Conditioning defined
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5/11/09 Reinforcement = event following response increases the tendency to make that response Reinforcement can be positive or negative but ALWAYS is desirable in other words … NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT B.F. Skinner (remember him?)
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5/11/09 Positive = response strengthened because followed by PRESENTATION of pleasant stimulus Examples: Promotions, scholarships, good grades, good meals, pleasant feelings, nice clothes, etc.
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